Programmers prefer a framework to develop an application or website for several reasons such as simplicity of usage, demands of the task assigned, and reliability. Node.js falls in the list of such frameworks which a developer chooses to build complex applications. It is a programme widely accepted by multi-national business giants to run their web applications. Node.js, being an extensively used platform has received many favorable as well as unfavorable remarks. Most of the times, developers who switched to Node.js, having elemental knowledge in similar programs, stumble upon several errors. Article refers certain errors a novice Node.js developers commits.

Event loop blocking

Since Node.js program is made to support complex applications, event loop happens to be a most important function. Any function written to the code which blocks the event loop will bring a wait signal to all the customers, or clients connected to the server.  The program works on single thread; hence a Node.js developer should defer loops that hinder the event loop to an independent worker or queue. The problem occurs with cases such as when a developer parses functions having heavy payload with JSON. parse(), syntax highlighting done to the backend files using highlight.js, and the one-time parsing of massive files. All these are common errors in coding that lead to the blocking of an event loop. A developer can identify the error in coding which hinders the smooth working of an event loop by tracking the time delay. ‘Blocked’ is a proprietary open source module used to detect time delay between the functions called inside a loop. Delay occurs in the event loop should be correctly identified to spot anomalies in coding.

Triggering a call back() many times

Developers often execute a call back function twice on the process of running an application. They ignore to return a function after the instant execution. Many events in an application are triggered by passing functions as references. These references act as call backs. Call back is the only way in Node.js to make the asynchronous elements work properly. A function, in Node.js coding is added as a last argument while executing asynchronous tasks. Hence, executing a callback() many times without returning the values of first called  function completely will result in a crash while dealing with Node.js . A temporary option to avoid this error is the inclusion of a return keyword ahead of executing callback functions.

Callback Hell

Call back Hell is a problem not solely associated to Node.js. It is one of the common issues which all complex frameworks have to deal with. According to the complex nature of applications, developers add nested callbacks leading to a scenario which makes things difficult to read.  Maintaining of codes will be hard at this time. One of the finest options to solve this is the writing of simple functions and a proper linking of them all. To a large extent, a Node.js developer can depend on packages like Async.js, Promises, and Generators to lessen errors occur with Callback hell. Following of these modules will help programmers a lot in maintaining the codes neat and tidy.

Unawareness of development tools

Any modifications done to the source code of Node.js should be followed by a restart. Together with it, developers have a tendency to refresh the browser while static codes change leading to a slowdown in the performance of applications. There are certain modules like nodemon and forever that will help the developers to restart the server with the change of files, automatically. Similar to nodemon, livereload is another tool which aids you to refresh the browser timely after the change in static codes.

Omitting the mandatory ‘testing’ and ‘Monitoring’

Node.js never considers an application, if any tests are not included at the end of the codes. Plenty of tools are available for doing the mandatory application checking in this framework. Mocha, Jasmine, and tape are a few among them. Like testing of applications, monitoring stands as an important process to sort out event loop delay, memory usage so on. New Relic and App Dynamics are reliable tools to help programmers in the monitoring of codes. Manual coding in Node.js calls for these mandatory additions to programming.


Node.js is a framework developed for creating complex applications by means of simple and neat coding. Programmers who come to Node from other platforms mix it up by writing hefty codes that are hard to read and execute. Node.js coding is extremely refined and modern to support most of the high level functions. Above mentioned heads are common mistakes that a new programmer commits while working in the original Node.js platform. To create stable and reliable software, a Node.js programmer should avoid these errors during the time of writing codes.